佛 · 光 | 道吾山护国兴华禅寺灯光改造
Walk out of the hall of Mahavira
The setting sun on that face
Light up the feeling
Light lit the building? Or does the building light itself?
All appearances are mental images
Silence, fusion, perfection
Daowu mountain XingHua Buddhist Temple is the first of the four ancestral halls of Liuyang Buddhism. It is built on the basis of the mountain, with complete four aspects, quiet environment, beautiful scenery and large scale. He is famous all over the world. The emperor Wenzong of Tang dynasty built it with respect from the north and the west, and the famous mountains were filled with Sangha and lanruo! Especially from the late Tang Dynasty to the Northern Song Dynasty. The temple has been established for more than 1200 years, during which there are many eminent monks, and fayan is flourishing. It has spread in many jungles in China, and its veins are also spread in Korea and Japan. It is a famous Buddhist holy land both at home and abroad.
The founder of Daowu, a wise Zen master, is the third generation of Legalist disciple of Qingyuan. After Zong Zhi, there are seven generations of Daowu Congsheng in Qingyuan system, and eight generations of Daowu QiQuan. Promoted by DaoWuZongZhi, ShiShuangqingzhu, DaguangJuHai, BaoGaiShanYue and others, the clan flourished.
For the lighting design of Xinghua Buddhist temple, we cherish reverence and savor it carefully. Before the design, we went to Daowu mountain to feel the sky, trees, lake water, Buddha's horn and bell in the day and night, and listened to master Guoxin's historical story about Zen and the temple.
From the beginning of design to the completion (including indoor and outdoor), it took us two years to keep thinking and understanding, not to be impatient and calm……
The Diamond Sutra says: all actions are like dreams and illusions, like dew and electricity. We should do the same.
We often think that lighting design is to express architecture? Or the light itself? Later, it was found that no matter the change of light intensity and location, the building is still there, quiet and simple, is the light on? Or is the building on? Or is the heart shining? It turns out that light and architecture are one. What we care about is not how bright the light is, how bright the architecture is, but how we feel in our hearts， nature, quiet, peace……
At the gate of the main hall, the natural effect of setting sun slanting on the steps is reproduced with light. It is natural and random, just like the Buddha light in the room, guiding, yearning and full of reverence……
The lamps and lanterns are hidden at the bottom of the corridor of the Zhaitang hall, so that the light can illuminate the wall indirectly from top to bottom, which not only meets the functional lighting, but also can show the spatial level of the building gently, so that the light stays in the space of the building, and the light and the building integrate with each other.
On the steps in front of the Buddha Hall, the LED light belt is hidden to let the overflowing light form a functional lighting without causing glare. Visually, the lights gradually form a sequence up the steps, extending all the way to the Buddha Hall, forming a guide to the Buddha world, soft, natural and peaceful.
Lamps and lanterns should be hidden as much as possible. Light and color pursue nature and softness. All ideas pursue light and shadow of natural light, so that light can be integrated with architecture and environment.
Mountain or water, real and virtual, true or false, everything is in the heart……
For the interior lighting, we are more careful, full of awe. It mainly focuses on three aspects of light: Buddha light, space light, and light needed by monks.
The morning class at Xinghua Temple begins at 4:30. The environment in the mountains is basically the same as the night. Monks need sufficient illumination to meet the functional needs of incense and reading. Therefore, the lighting design is accentuated according to the different requirements of monks and special locations. We also studied the movements of the monks at the time of the practice to ensure sufficient illumination.
In addition to ensuring sufficient illumination, we pay more attention to the arrangement of spectrum to make the texture of Buddha more real. At the same time, the angle control of lamps is particularly important. It is necessary to avoid the shadow of lights on the Buddha's face.
In consideration of the comfort and anti glare and other issues, to avoid the visual interference of indoor light, indirect environmental lighting is used, with light and no light, so that the lighting is integrated into the whole building space, reflecting the sense of interior space.
Overall indoor effect after lighting transformation▼
In order to strengthen the interior of the main body of the Buddha image, graded lighting is used to highlight the sense of primary and secondary.
The light of the cylinder forms a good hierarchical relationship with the indirect light of the background, and at the same time can be fused and consistent.
The original meaning of "Zen" is "nature is true, return to the inside", so the design of the light should focus on the original form of the Buddha image, and the light and the Buddha are fused with each other，Present each other.
Through the light,
we feel the solemnity, sacredness, compassion and good eyes of the Buddha;
Buddha and Bodhisattva are inherently solemn, compassionate, and have nothing to do with light.